Sparrow is most lovable, small and harmless social bird. Sparrows can be seen anywhere in our surroundings if you are not living in most civilized concrete jungle. You were able to see a sparrow around you whenever you want, some years ago. But today you have to search for a sparrow if you want to show your offspring who always look at the fool’s box, the TV. If you are running in 30’s it is sure that you have grown by observing this small and beautiful bird. The shocking and the inconvenienced truth is that the population of sparrow is declining at fastest pace. House Sparrow is listed in Red Data Book of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which is an alarm bell to us. Reasons for sparrow number decline are numerous ranges from mythology to mentality of a common man.
Some key factors are listed below:
Loss of habitat: This is the primary factor that vanished sparrows from the streets and houses. Evaluation of architecture eroded thatched roof and tiles house from the society also. Due to modern technology old spacious buildings have been changed to the shapes where sparrows do not find their habitat. It is the most important reason of decline of population. Lack of food: Sparrow flocks fly around 1.5 to 2 miles in searching of food such as grains, insects etc. In the modern life style people tend to buy things in pocket which are pre cleaned or dried. Chance of cleaning and drying the grains in front of the house, balconies, and top floors is very less now a days .This has led to scarcity of food for these tiny scavenging social birds. Many of the local road side corner shops has been closed due to florishment of modern departmental store in which we get everything in pockets packed somewhere kilometers away and also provide little chance to find spill over grains on the roads. On the other hand, in the modern agriculture, insects are the second most feed for the young chicks. Usage of broad spectrum insecticides has let the availability of insect feed to very minimum. It also affects accessibility of poison less fruits. Recent survey reveals that sparrows are spotted near organic fields and perching on the ground for food. Modern lifestyle: Changing lifestyles have robbed sparrows of their nesting grounds. The fast paced lifestyles of urban and semi-urban areas have also reflected in people's attitude towards birds and biodiversity. Previously, people used to share a symbiotic relationship with animals and birds and also accepted co-existence. They would not mind sparrows build nests in their houses and places where access is limited to a common man. In the modern era, especially the luxurious life style people want birds to be inside the cages not out of their control or free living birds. The new buildings and landscaped gardens which are being constructed are not at all sparrow friendly. The modern glass-clad match box shape buildings do not have cavities which are important for sparrows to make nests .Building of nest in the windows, sunshades, AC ducts thought to an ugly in appearance to the million dollar buildings. According to one study, use of unleaded petrol may also have a critical impact on the sparrow decline. At the time of combustion of unleaded petrol produces methyl nitrate which is highly toxic to the small insects which forms major part of sparrow diet .Loss of tree canopy: In the industrialized era of development we construct bazaars, mega buildings and even city government tent to extend the width of the road sides for which the urban trees are cut down without understanding ecological importance of the trees or simply ignoring the reality fact. Cell phone towers: Environmental experts say that sparrow is not able to withstand the microwave impact from cell phone towers. Due to that the immune system and reproductive abilities are being badly affected, which has resulted in a situation where the erstwhile ubiquitous sparrow is now rarely seen in urban areas. But it a recent research by Encyclopedia of environmental health argues that there is no strong evidence on negative relationship between vanishing sparrows and electromagnetic waves from cell phone tower. It is believed that the magnetic waves are affecting the eggs of the sparrows but not scientifically proven as the cell phone tower waves are nonionizing waves which has not deal with cell, DNA etc.
With the aim to conserve this little bird from extinction, a mission named SAVE SPARROW FOUNDATION was started by some youngsters of Tosham village of Bhiwani district of Harayana state of India in the year 2016. We at save sparrow foundation spread awareness to conserve this little bird by interacting with various individuals, educational institutions,organizations etc, and most importantly provide artificial habitat to house sparrows in our residential areas by means of installing nest boxes under the name GHOSLA-Ghar Mein Ek Cehkata Ghar. Till the time, foundation have installed more than 2000 nest boxes on its own cost in various localities and public places and more than 13000 have been supplied to various individuals, institutes and government or private organizations across the whole nation on no profit basis. The members of the foundation have their own separate business or are students currently studying, do not earn anything from here except your cooperation and smile.
Head Office – 1st Floor, Backside Guru Ravidas Mandir, Main Chowk, Tosham, Dist. Bhiwani, Haryana, India - 127040
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